Shore Eye Associates Blog

Latest news and promotions from Shore Eye Associates with offices in Monmouth and Ocean County.

Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis

Diabetic retinopathy is detected during a comprehensive eye exam, which includes:

·      Visual acuity testing.

·      Dilated exam. Drops are placed to widen the pupil to allow exam of the retina.

·      Tonometry. Measurement of the eye pressure inside the eye.


Supplemental testing may include:

·      Optical coherence tomography (OCT).  This is a non-invasive test that images the retina to detect any fluid or diabetic macular edema.

·      Fluorescein Angiography. This test involves an injection of a dye into your arm and a series of pictures which are taken as the dye flows through the retinal vessels.

This may show leakage of fluid or the growth of new blood vessels in the retina.


Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy

The best treatment is prevention of diabetic retinopathy by strict control of blood sugars.  Once diabetic retinopathy is present, treatment of diabetic retinopathy will only slow progression but will not cure it.

Diabetic macular edema can be treated with several different therapies that may be used alone or in combination.

·      Injection therapy.  Anti-VEGF drugs are injected into the eye to block a substance called vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF).  This medication will block abnormal blood vessel growth and decrease the leakage of fluid into the retina.  The three most commonly used drugs include Avastin, Lucentis and Eylea.  Steroids is another option for treatment of diabetic macular edema but used less often due to side effects of possible cataracts and increased eye pressure. 

·      Laser therapy. Small laser burns are applied in the area of the retinal swelling to slow the leakage of fluid.  Laser treatment can be combined with anti-VEGF injections. 

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy can be treated with:

·      Laser therapy.  Laser is applied on the retina to shrink the new blood vessels and to prevent bleeding inside the eye.  Bleeding inside the eye will cloud the vision and cause floaters.

·      Surgery. When there is significant amount of blood or scar tissue inside the eye, then a vitrectomy surgery is performed to remove the blood and scar tissue.  Laser and anti-VEGF therapy may also be applied during the surgery.

In the end, the best treatment is prevention of diabetic retinopathy.  An annual comprehensive dilated eye exam is recommended for anyone who has been diagnosed with diabetes since early mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy can be asymptomatic. 

View Part 1 to this series Diabetic Retinopathy Explained

View Video
Diabetic Retinopathy Explained
Why everyone who has had LASIK surgery should get ...

Related Posts


No comments yet
Already Registered? Login Here
Monday, 16 September 2019

Captcha Image

Search Shore Eye

Patient Resources

  • Toms River +

    530 Lakehurst Road Suite 206
    Toms River, NJ 08755

    Phone: 732-341-4733

    View Map

    • Monday: 10:00am - 7:00pm
    • Tuesday: 9:00am - 6:00pm
    • Wednesday: 9:00am - 5:00pm
    • Thursday: 8:00am - 4:30pm
    • Friday: 9:00am - 4:30pm
    • Saturday: By Appointment
    • Sunday: Closed


  • Spring Lake Heights +

    2018 Highway 71
    Spring Lake Heights, NJ 07762

    Phone: 732-359-8380

    View Map

    • Monday: Call for hours
    • Tuesday: 9:00 am - 5:00 pm
    • Wednesday: 10:00 am - 6:00PM
    • Thursday: Closed
    • Friday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
    • Saturday: By Appointment
    • Sunday: Closed


    Contact Spring Lake Heights Location .


  • Brick +

    445 Brick Blvd
    Brick, NJ 08723

    Phone: 732-920-3737

    View Map and Directions

    • Monday: 10:00 am - 5:00 pm
    • Tuesday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
    • Wednesday: Closed
    • Thursday: 10:00 am - 7:00 pm
    • Friday: Closed
    • Saturday: Closed
    • Sunday: Closed


    Click for more information about our
    Brick location

  • Whiting +

    Route 530 and Schoolhouse Rd, Suite 19
    Whiting, NJ 08759

    Phone: 732-350-3344

    View Map

    • Monday: Closed
    • Tuesday: Closed
    • Wednesday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
    • Thursday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
    • Friday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
    • Saturday: Closed
    • Sunday: Closed


    Click for more information
    Whiting Location

  • 1

Video Education

Click To View Larger Video in a Popup