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What are the most dangerous sports for eye injuries? UPDATED

What are the most dangerous sports for eye injuries? UPDATED




Sports Eye Injury


Philadelphia Phillies prospect Matt Imhof has lost his right eye after suffering a freak injury during a normal training session on June 25th.

He was the 47th overall pick in the 2014 draft.



Even though his injury did not occur on the playing field, the incident has brought significant attention to the area of sports related eye injuries.



Here are some of the facts of sports related eye injuries:





1)   Eye injuries are the leading cause of blindness in children in the United States and most injuries occurring in school-aged children are sports-related.

2)   One-third of the victims of sports-related eye injuries are children.

3)   Every 13 minutes, an emergency room in the United States treats a sports-related eye injury.

4)   These injuries account for an estimated 100,000 physician visits per year at a cost of more than $175 million.

5)   Ninety percent of sports-related eye injuries can be avoided with the use of protective eyewear.





Protective eyewear includes safety glasses and goggles, safety shields, and eye guards designed for a particular sport.

Protective eyewear lenses are made of Polycarbonate or Trivex.



Ordinary prescription glasses, contact lenses, and sunglasses do not protect against eye injuries. Safety goggles should be worn over them.





The highest risk sports are:





A.   Paintball

B.  Baseball

C.  Basketball

D.  Racquet Sports

E.   Boxing and Martial Arts





The most common injuries associated with sports are:



1.   abrasions and contusions

2.   detached retinas

3.   corneal lacerations and abrasions

4.   cataracts

5.   hemorrhages

6.   loss of an eye





There is a law in my home state of New Jersey that has been in effect since 2006 which mandates that any child who wears corrective eyeglasses must wear sports glasses when playing certain sports.



Protective sports glasses lenses must be made of polycarbonate or trivex material that are shatterproof. Sport glasses frames are constructed from a variety of materials, including plastic and carbon fiber. The temples, the part that rest on the ears are usually made from rubber-type materials that permit greater comfort by preventing the glasses from moving too much during athletic activity.



The protective eyewear is required to meet the frame (and lens) standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM F803 1) and lens standards of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI Z87.00).



The sports included are: racquetball, squash, tennis, women’s lacrosse, basketball, women’s field hockey, badminton, paddleball, soccer, volleyball, baseball or softball, sponsored by a school, community or government agency.

NEW UPDATE- A recently release study in JAMA Ophthalmology  showed that the top three sports resulting in eye injuries are 1) Basketball 2) Baseball and 3) Air Guns.  The overwhelming majority of the injuries were in males (81%) and the mean age was 23.


Watch out for fireworks too.




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Thursday, 17 January 2019

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